Specific: Objective should be clear and well defined. It helps to specify the research problems and provide proper guideline to find the solution of research problem (Alexander, 2008). Specific objective identify the methods of collecting necessary information related to the research problem.
Measurable: Objectives should be measurable. It improves quality and quantitative of the research study to achieve its goal. The measurable research objectives provide guidelines for the improvement of research design. It is important element to achieve research objectives.
Achievable: Objectives should also be achievable in the time and it should provide accurate result from the use of sufficient resources in the specific time frame. It is related to effective measure of research problem (Atkinson, 2001). Achievable objectives ensure that every process of research is finished in accurate time will help to achieve the goals.
Realistic: Objective should be realistic, so that available resources like as men, money and machines could be used effectively. Objectives are most useful, when they accurately define the problem and take various steps that can be implemented with a specific time period.
Timely: Objective should be measured and achievable into the time frame. The research takes enough time in finding the solution of research problem. Timeline indicate when the objective will be accomplished (Frey & Osterloh, 2002).
Research questions identify trends and provide significance of the study. Decision for research questions selection should based on research design, sampling and collection of the data. Data collection method decision is based on investigation for the problem and units of the study and it affects the selection of research questions. A good research question defines the investigation area, sets boundaries and provides direction in solving the research problem. Research questions should be appropriate with the topic and should find opportunities and commitments related to the study. Research question should be narrow, clarified and well defined (Blaxter, Hughes & Tight, 2006).
Alexander, M. (2008). Management planning for nature conservation: a theoretical basis & practical guide. UK: Springer.
Atkinson, J. (2001). Developing teams through project-based learning. Germany: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
Blaxter, L., Hughes, C. & Tight, M. (2006). How to Research (3rd ed.). Poland: McGraw-Hill International.
Frey, B.S. & Osterloh, M. (2002). Successful management by motivation. Germany: Springer.